• HIGHWAY BUILDING: Basic concepts, terminology, classification

    Nov 6

    The route – a composite of constructions intentional for easy, safe and traffic-round with the calculated speeds and loads. Serves to protect the edges of the cover in the arena of? Distinguished eminent-upper, long-haul, local (district and metropolis ) and intra types of roads – rural roadstead. Structurally, the route (highway) is characterized by transverse and longitudinal profilyami. It’s asphalt, cement concrete and cobbled-bridging coating – transitional surfaces: prefabricated concrete slabs, broken rock, slag and gruntoschebenochnye screening – glower: scandal roads, strengthened with gravel, crushed lapidate, gravel. This zone is given in the conception of the entire stove of building (including building-governmental organizations and the hereafter expansion of the road) – the dividing demarcation – a constructive region of? – ditch – drainage trench with the measured longitudinal gradient, strengthened bum and slopes – the body of the mound – the amount come of earthwork (mound), carried out in-nyaemy building of the route – concentrated region of? Obochina has important operational significance (stop and parking of vehicles, pedestrians move-Dov, the location of building equipment for repairs, etc. 6,0 m) and the presence of route surfacing obochin. Not intended for use-Chen and is usually decorative – road wear – nigh artificially fortified part of the roadway intended for use – reenforcement bar – share of the pavement, which is placed betwixt the rise and the curb.? the road separating the opposite direction. Oznakomimsya terminology, describing the principal structural elements of the route: – Crossing-section – a crossing-incision of the road, which characterizes the components of the conception elements – vertical conjunction – a longitudinal incision of the road, which characterizes the components of the structural elements – roadway – the principal, the operational office of the road on which the vehicular traffic – roadbed – the measure of excavation work the device slope of the mound-tion of the road; – stripe removal (exclusion) – Zone of the building of Ra-boat in the crossbreeding subdivision of the road. Gamey stress – pavement – function of the pavement, the strongest in constructive footing, intended for traffic – shoulder – role of the pavement, which is set on the borders of the transverse profilya.

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